The history of democracy in the Republic of Somaliland or Somaliland, as desired by the people of this forgotten geographical area of the Arab world, witnessed a historic precedent in the history of 13/11/2017, which caused a qualitative shift in democratic practice and multiparty by electing a new president by direct popular vote.
During the election process, power was peacefully transferred for the fifth time in a row to President Musa Behi Abdi, Chairman of the Unity and Development Party, a former officer in the Somali air force and also a senior leader of the Somali National Movement, which led the armed opposition in the north of Somalia.
Before diving into the depths of this burgeoning democratic experiment, we need to touch upon the historical background of Somaliland to highlight this republic, barely known in the Arab world by media overheating.
The Republic of Somaliland was formed from the Somali Northern Territory, which was known during the colonial era, namely British colonialism in the Somaliland sanctuary. The Republic consists of 6 provinces with an area of 137,000 square kilometers, bordered by Ethiopia to the south and west, Djibouti to the north-west and the Gulf of Aden to the north and the Somali state of Puntland to the east. The population is 4 million.
Somaliland is a hybrid system that blends the liberal democratic system with the traditional proportional representation of all types of tribal spectrum in the center of the country. the decision.
The combination of modernity and traditional customs is an inescapable necessity in a society where tribal affiliation is a difficult figure in the political equation. Hence, from this understanding of the nature of the real situation of the situation in Somalia, the need for extraordinary solutions of enormous pragmatism to deal with the specificity of the Somaliland political scene .
The unification of the northern and southern shores has never been the goal that the nation aspires to achieve, just as this unity was a prelude to realizing the historic dream of achieving the great Somalia with its five parts
Despite the scarce resources, the practical application of all aspects of the democratic game process in its various dimensions, including peaceful exchanges of power and freedom of expression, is ideally exemplified by a political system that allows for multi-party politics. Three political parties (the Party of Unity, Development and Party And the Justice and Welfare Party). In light of the facts and data, the environment is conducive to building on this young experience that can be developed and developed in order to find a democratic edifice that conforms to the characteristics of the common denominators common in contemporary democracies and based on this legitimate ambition, the state has harnessed all its capabilities to employ the latest and most complex techniques, Any acts contrary to disciplinary regulations except in some cases monitored by international observers, which do not amount to the level of impact on the outcome of the elections.
The final result was a reflection of the true desire of the political street, with the Party of Unity and Development winning 55 percent of the electoral bloc. Like the elections in the old democracies, some of the scandals that have been repeated in all the local elections of not obeying the legal age of voters have surfaced. But in general, the latest elections are by far the most successful electoral attempts since independence.
The emergence of the Somaliland Republic is the result of a bitter struggle led by the Somali National Movement and after a difficult labor, thanks to the wisdom of the educated elite and the relatively advanced political awareness of the living forces of the broad base compared to the rest of what was known as the Democratic Republic of Somalia.
On the other hand, the south, despite the huge amount of international and regional support, is still in place. In such a situation, the Arab brothers should understand the logarithm of Somali politics and that the words of preserving the unity and territorial integrity of Somalia in the final statements in all Arab conferences will not work and involve a great deal of injustice and injustice against the masses in the north of Somalia.
With all our appreciation and understanding of the appeals of all Arabs and their insistence on calling for the unity of the Somali national territory, we must recognize that these noble appeals in a political environment unsuitable for a viable unitary entity will ultimately lead to the birth of a modern Somali state.
The unity of the North and South Seas was never the goal that the nation aspired to as much as it was the realization of the historic dream of achieving the great Somalia of its five parts, which still fascinates many true patriots who have never been defeated.
However, the failure of this bilateral unity and the lack of readiness of the southern component to the subjective and objective conditions that surround the southern Somali arena for any dialogue leading to a realistic and logical solution to solve the problem of bilateral bilateral unity lead to the need to review the Arab view of what is happening in this area of Arab land through A realistic deal that supports the new elected government.
By:Abdullah Ibrahim Alami
Translated by Google translation