The rumoured location of the base is in the strategically important Horn of Africa and would offer the ability to project power across the Middle East and shipping lanes heading to and from the Suez canal.
RUSSIA is plotting a game-changing naval base in a breakaway east African state in bid to dramatically expand his military might in the Middle East, according to reports.
Talks are reportedly underway between Moscow and leaders in Somaliland for a 1,500 man base to support its warships and hunter-killer submarines to operate in the volatile region and busy shipping lanes carrying most of Europe’s goods.
If realised, this would be Russia’s first base in Africa since the Cold War and be a major step forward for Vladimir Putin’s ambitious modernisation programme to revive his country’s once proud navy.
The rumoured location of the base is outside of Zeila city, in the self-declared republic of Somaliland.
It is also on the border with Djibouti – nearby the location of China’s first overseas base in modern times which opened last year.
The United Arab Emirates is also building a military base in Berbera in what is – and always has been – a key position to project power in the unstable region.
Dr Andrew Foxall, director of the Russia and Eurasia Studies Centre, told Sun Online: “The Horn of Africa is strategically important for a number of reasons, not least because it allows both power projection into the Middle East and influence over the Suez Canal through the Gulf of Aden.
“The US and China both have military facilities in Djibouti, and it should come as no surprise that Russia would want facilities there too.
“Russia recently extended the lease it has on its naval facility at Tartus in Syria and the development of a facility in Somaliland could be seen as an attempt to build a blue-water navy.
“Over the last decade, Russian naval activity has been increasing in the Atlantic, Mediterranean and Indian Oceans, and elsewhere.”
Dr Foxall said Russia’s Naval Doctrine, adopted in 2017, promotes a vision of the Russian Navy as a global force that will remain the world’s second-most powerful navy, after the United States, over the next decade.
According to Somali media, Qarannews, Russia is proposing a deal where it will recognise the breakaway republic of Somaliland in return for being allowed to establish the base.
It is reported the naval base would be staffed by 1,500 people and service destroyers, frigates and submarines.
Over the past 10 years Russia has been expanding the reach of its Black Sea fleet.
By. Mohamed Duale Editor-in-Chief HornDiplomat Tweets @MohamadDuale
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