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Somaliland:The Biggest threat of Somaliland election proccess is the violation of election rules and regulations-CPA

A woman places her vote in the box during the Somaliland elections 2010 (photo © Claudia Simoes/Progressio)

Horndiplomat-Center for Policy Analysis (CPA) released press statement about the threats of Somaliland’s election proccess is the violations of election rules and regulations.

PRODUCED BY Election Monitoring Office (EMO) & Center for Policy Analysis (CPA)

The newsletter from the Election Monitoring Office provides brief description of the political events that occurred in Somaliland. CPA was established to help the countries of Horn of Africa region to build, peace, democracy, human rights and effective governance systems where all citizens are equal. CPA is based in Hargeisa, the Capital of Republic of Somaliland.



Somaliland voter cards registration process for the upcoming presidential elected scheduled on November 13, 2017 enters the last and third stage. The distribution of cards started 12th August 2017 at Sool and Sanaag regions, east of Somaliland to finalize the process. The registration will continue 28 days to provide the already registered citizens an opportunity to collect their cards at the polling stations to be able to cast votes.


Despite warnings given by the National Electoral Commission (NEC), the two main political parties continue ignoring the Code of Conduct by waging campaigns. The law prohibits the political parties to campaign during the registration process. This election is not the first one Somaliland held since it declared independence from Somalia in 1991. In 2001, Somaliland people voted for and approved a new constitution. Following the acceptance of the Constitution, Local Councils election took place in 2002. The first presidential election happened in 2003 and in 2005 the members of the House of the Representatives were elected by the public. In 2010, Somaliland attracted the attention of the world when then incumbent president conceded defeat for the opposition contender Ahmed Mohamed Silanyo, the current president who is not seeking reelection. In 2012, the second Local Councils election was conducted.


The first voter registration was made in 2009, ahead of 2010 presidential election. It has been noted that the registration failed and was annulled. Therefore, in 2012 local council’s election was held without voter cards. Hence the ongoing voter registration process is very important for Somaliland to hold free and fair election.


The following are incidents that happened in last week:
















The Center for Policy Analysis (CPA) makes the following recommendations to hold free and fair election:


  1. The conflict of the chairmanship of the House of Representatives should be solved peacefully and in accordance with the legal procedures in place; The brawl and dispute in the House of Representatives can become great obstacle to the upcoming elections. Dispute of the election of the house speaker, revealed out how some political parts can refuse the results if it would not happen on their favor. NEC should plan and establish procedures of avoiding ambiguity and political disputes to the upcoming election.
  2. Effective measures should be taken to avoid result disputes similar to the one in the chairmanship of the House of Representatives. This should include respect of the procedural laws and strengthening monitoring mechanism;
  3. The Judiciary should be independent from the political parties. It is very important the courts to be independent and impartial; how the Judiciary branch adjudicate dispute on the election of House of Representatives’ Speaker. It shall affect how the political parts will perceive the fairness of Judiciary verdict on the upcoming election if dispute arise.
  4. The inter-clan violence in El-afweyn should be solved to avoid the conflict to have a negative consequence in the voter card distribution exercise or the election;
  5. The political parties and the government should respect and implement the decisions of the National Electoral Commission; CPA is calling both Kulmiye and Waddani to respect the code of conducts they signed and abide the rules and regulations of the elections.
  6. The political parties should stop using polarizing and sensitive remarks.
  7. Political conflict in Khatumo, is thoughtful worrying, facing Somaliland election process. If one of conflicted parties signed understandings with Somaliland, get support from outside to target the election process.
  8. Inter-clan violence conflict in El-afweyn, is one of the key risks to upcoming election, if it will not resolve. Inter-clan conflict in El-afwen will affect polling stations for the presidential election in November 13, 2017. There should be specially trained security forces for the voting stations in El-afweyn town or other fragile places.



 CPA is calling to the stakeholders for greater efforts to ensure the election will take place on time, and to solve any barriers that may slow down the preparation of the elections.




  1. https://www.voasomali.com/a/3969046.html
  2. http://www.bbc.com/somali/war-40843099
  3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cBspiDl8FAw
  4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ilQQIKoF5bw
  5. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZiNnf6ZWXfM
  6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fz1_PiCh9LE
  7. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TL6bhcSdo-Q
  8. http://www.bbc.com/somali/40677345
  9. http://www.bbc.com/somali/40832517
  10. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_z2kKXWcnfY
  11. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_iUC1xgfSuA
  12. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ojFL6rQfPMU
  13. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SKPTndhngf4
  14. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BHSYyOWU_RY

About Center for Policy Analysis

CPA was established to help the countries of Horn of Africa region to build, peace, democracy, human rights and effective governance systems where all citizens are equal. CPA is based in Hargeisa, the Capital of Republic of Somaliland.

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